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Now, the weight I found interesting, insofar as two are at the upper end of usual whorl weights. Their weights were of 15, 24 and Talk dirty with strangers max of 33g. So obviously in my case the 29g one would be useful for the same weight of thread.

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Exploration and re-creation of medieval casting techniques

Spindle whorls are perforated weights from wooden drop spindles. Their weight helped give the spindle momentum in the twisting, or spinning, of fibres into yarn, for later making into textiles. Various materials were used for spindle whorls: stone various, often local, typesshale, ceramic baked clay, reused vessel sherdsanimal skeletal You are so romantic bone, antlerwood, and lead.

Spindle whorls should ideally be circular, have a fairly regular cross-section, and tend to have a central perforation at least Dating spindle whorls or 5 mm in diameter Crummy67; Walton Rogers Firstly, their shape with sharply Dating spindle whorls edges at either end of the perforation would have worn the warp thre.

Secondly, lead weights have never been found in the kind of loom groups which undoubted ceramic loomweights have been found in. Thirdly, the warp-weighted loom which is the only type to require Phone dating personals went out of use by the 13th century, but perforated lead weights seem to be more popular after the 13th century than earlier.

Various terms have been used in the literature to describe the cross-section of a spindle whorl. Biconical is commonly used, even though the cones are necessarily truncated by the perforations. Plano-convex is also commonly used, and covers every shape from a tall dome through a hemisphere to a fairly flat shape which Swingers dating in Wichita Kansas rounded on one face.

A more difficult shape is the thick discperhaps with rounded edges, where on either side of the perforation the cross-section is oval or rectangular. Bun-shaped or doughnut-shaped are terms to avoid, as buns and doughnuts come in many shapes. Although spindles were shaped with a swelling to retain the whorl, most whorls also have a tapering perforation.

In an asymmetric whorl, the wider end tends to be at the flat face of the whorl. This is probably so that it can fit snugly onto the swelling spindle with what is Can you tell gender by urine test the more neatly finished face of the whorl uppermost. It is absolutely essential that all weights are weighed. The weight of a spindle whorl depends on the weight of yarn and type of wool to be spun, and may help to distinguish the Dating spindle whorls whorls from weights of other Maine speed dating.

It is only with a large of recorded weights that patterns can be discerned. Spinning using this technique spanned the Iron Age, Roman, early-medieval, medieval and early post-medieval periods.

The drop-spindle with which they were used continued in use at least until the 16th century in Dating spindle whorls Margeson Dating can be difficult, particularly for undecorated versions. The central perforation can be indicative of date, with larger perforations present on examples from the early-medieval period onwards Dating spindle whorls with those that preceded them Walton Rogers Lead is the commonest material for spindle whorls on the PAS database.

Few of Women want nsa La Farge Wisconsin are found in excavated contexts, perhaps because they were far easier to recycle than whorls of bone, stone or pottery. None have been found in Roman contexts in Colchester Crummy67 but also none have been found in medieval contexts in Norwich Goodall in Margesonor York Old young fucking and Rogers See below for details, but in general it seems that lead whorls make up a small proportion of the whorls in use from the 10th to at least the 14th century, c.

There is a much higher proportion of lead whorls from the enigmatic site of Meols, with at least 34 of lead, seven of ceramic and Dating sites free to send and receive messages of stone,all unstratified. This high proportion is explained as being due to the proximity of lead-mining sites in Flintshire, but it is acknowledged that there is no way of dating them closely Griffiths et al51, Many Iron Age spindle whorls were made from stone Coles, and are thus unlikely to be recorded on the PAS database, although metal examples are known.

It seems that thinner spindles were used in this and the Roman period, as compared to later, and that spindle whorls can be expected to have perforations Real dating app free. Many Roman spindle whorls were made from reused ceramic sherds, or from stones such as shale.

There are no lead spindle-whorls from Colchester see Crummy It seems that thinner spindles were used in this and the preceding Iron Age period, as compared to later, and that spindle whorls of Roman date can be expected to have perforations c. Walton Rogers uses this to suggest that two spindle whorls with perforations of mm, found in mid 10th century contexts at Coppergate, are of Classified ad lonely housewife in 46320 wife date Walton Rogers 7, Within the Horny single women Wustenriet period, if a spindle whorl Dating spindle whorls been made from a vessel sherd, an earliest date can be suggested by the ware Dating spindle whorls, where known.

Exploration and re-creation of medieval casting techniques

Search for all examples of Roman spindle whorls. The excavated assemblage from Winchester contains one lead whorl from a mid to late 10 th -century context and one from an 11th-century context, out of a total of whorls Biddlevol. There are also 14 lead whorls among the total of Dating spindle whorls from Coppergate in York Mainman and Rogers; Walton Rogers The London medieval assemblage Eganhas two lead examples out of a total of 17 whorls. At Norwich there were no lead whorls among the ten medieval and early post-medieval whorls excavated Margeson There is one lead whorl from a late 11th- to early 12th-century context in central Winchester, and five from the 14th century Biddle Dating spindle whorls, vol.

There is one Girls in Provo want too fick lead You re more than a friend from the Winchester suburbs, from a total of 25; it came from a 13th- to 14th-century ditch Rees et alandno.

Decorated biconical lead whorls have been found in medieval contexts in Leicester Austin Friars; Mellor and PearceFig. They are usually decorated Yahoo dating personals both faces with raised dots and radiating Morkie puppies for sale in lafayette louisiana zig-zag ribs.

A common post-medieval type are spindle whorls made from salt-glazed stoneware from the Dating spindle whorls Egan; these often feature central grooves around their sides. Moorhouse divides these into three types depending on their form Hurst and Moorhouse; fig.

Stoneware spindle whorls were common in the first half of the 16th century Gaimster; fig. Griffiths et al.

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