To date, little has been revealed about what happened when LGBTQI people — especially women — encountered the mental health system 50 years ago.
But Toronto mature escorts research is unearthing hidden, and often shocking stories. S arah Carr and I first met several years ago at a mental health conference when she presented a powerful of her experiences of being a gay woman and a psychiatric survivor.
For gay men, aversion therapy involved being given emetic drugs and receiving electric shocks while they viewed naked images of men. Ssbbw escort backpage, we asked, what happened to women? There is substantial and growing interest in LGBT history and, to a much lesser extent, psychiatric survivor history.
However, there is much less known about how they overlap. We thought it would be even harder to get funding to explore psychiatric survivor experiences, let alone the experiences of lesbians, whose plight has rarely been popular or fundable.
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Our research had special resonance for Sarah. In her late teens she experienced involuntary reparative psychotherapy, involving hypnosis to try and change her sexual orientation. This experience was a major motivator for her in undertaking this work:. I may have been spared the electric shocks and nausea, but the fundamental idea was still the same: homosexuality is a disease Single lady looking sex tonight Aberdeenshire the mind.
We relish a challenge, but this put us in a rather odd position. We discovered raw data from a survey developed by a psychologist about the experiences of same-sex-attracted men and women who had used mental health services in England during the s.
We felt quite emotional when we came across these. I got quite tearful about it. The way these surveys were buried in the archives seemed symbolic. Many of the women Hospital in woking handwritten some of their responses, which made them seem so human.
I found this very emotionally affecting, more than I had expected to. As far as we know, these responses were never analysed nor written up and the questionnaire was devised in such a way that made the data difficult to interpret.
In the archives of the Gay Liberation Frontwe found s from the early s targeting various psychiatric hospitals in London, specifically the Maudsley Hospital, for its use of aversion therapy to treat homosexuality. However, I met a lesbian scholar who had been given relevant hospital records by a sympathetic male researcher at the Maudsley.
During the s and s, behaviourism was popular, and psychologists were keen to prove their new theories and Hookup stories in vegas out their associated treatments. Aversion therapy was one of the flagship treatments in the behaviourist canon, and some psychologists who believed they were successfully treating male homosexuality were eager to test out their treatments on women. We knew from the psychiatric literature that a form of aversion therapy was administered by psychologists at the North Manchester General Hospital NMGH in the mids.
The hospital had been given an anonymous donation on the condition that the money was used to treat homosexuality. We were intrigued by these cases, but were unable to access NMGH records, so had no way of finding Free sex personals Jerome Arizona what happened to the women involved, or how many other women went through this procedure.
After the treatment, she had subsequently discovered feminism, came out, and was happily living with her long-term female partner. Most sexy massage reflected on the similarly of these situations:. We were being tested against heteronormative ideas of sexual attraction — a ificant flaw! And you really have to wonder about the motivations of some of the therapists.
I have always wondered what happened to those pictures and worried whether they were used in other treatments.
Sexual assault by women
We have no way of knowing how many other women may have been subjected to these kinds of assumptions and degrading treatments. While they may be rare examples, we suspect these legacies of oppression still affect our communities today — not only the LGBTQI community, but the psychiatric survivor community Woman want nsa Box Elder. She is also Managing Editor of Asylum, the radical mental health magazine.
Helen received a Seed Award from the Wellcome Trust to investigate the psychiatric treatment of lesbian, bisexual and gender non-conforming Radiocarbon dating calibration programs — An overview of the research was published in Lancet Psychiatry. She has experience of mental distress and mental health service use and uses this to inform all her work.
Her research interests include mental health service user knowledge, mental health social care and policy, mental health and lesbian, gay and bisexual LGB populations and the history of psychiatry.
Jooney Woodward is an award-winning British photographer based in London and Cornwall. Her work has been published and exhibited worldwide. Dolly Sen is a writer, speaker, Mature cybersex Fryazino, artist and filmmaker. Queer, disabled, person of colour, she is a broken child taped together with glitter and stars. We use a third party provider, dotdigitalto deliver our newsletters.
The shocking ‘treatment’ to make lesbians straight
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Wellcome Collection. Sarah Carr and Helen Spandler.
Treating sexual deviation in the Sixties and Seventies We discovered raw data from a survey developed by a psychologist about the experiences of same-sex-attracted men and women who had used mental health services in England during the s. Why can't I just be loved.
When are the pics of cats coming up?.
About the contributors. Helen Spandler. Jooney Woodward. Finding us:. Opening times:.